Andean Camelids

The Alpaca is a camel-like animal that lives in the highlands of Peru along the Andes chains of mountains, valued for the fineness of its fur. Its fur is silky, elastic, resistant and warm hair. Its fiber has a wide range of natural colors going from white to browns, grey and black. There are two types of Alpaca: Huacaya (dense, short and curly fiber) and the Suri (silky, shiny, and very long fiber). Due to the unique attributes of its fiber, a variety of knitted and woven fabrics use alpaca yarns.

A camelid of elegant appearance and slender body also lives in the Andes and the highlands of the Andes mountains. Its fur has an outer layer of long, reddish-brown, soft hair that shelters it from the cold, which is thinner than the alpaca fiber. Guanacos remain untamed and are a protected species in danger of extinction.

The llama is the largest of the Andean camelids. It has been domesticated since pre-Incan times and is considered a strong animal, as well as sacred. Often used as a beast of burden, the Andean people benefit from its wool and meat. There are two types of llama according to the diameter of their fiber: the Chakus (fine and long fibers) and the Paras (short fibers). The llama is valued and very useful for the Andean people.

another inhabitant of the Andean highlands. Its wool is among the finest in the world. its fur is dense and formed by its thin fibers. It is the smallest of the camelids, that wander untamed in the South American chain of mountains. It is an endangered species. A great effort is being done for its recovery and conservation.